This article is published by the Per Atlantic City Press:
A few years ago the deputy mayor of Downe Township, a former neighbor here at Money Island, came up with the idea and we printed a bunch of bumper stickers and signs that said “No Retreat! Save the bay shore communities”. I say ‘we’ because as far as I know the project was paid for with public funds. I didn’t think that government should be involved in a choice that was essentially a private decision about their home or business. Our properties lie on the border of Downe Township and Lawrence Township. Lawrence Township took the opposite approach and vowed to support its residents no matter what they decided to do in reaction to state government property buyouts. The campaign was a great success as far as bumper stickers go. Several years later I still see the ‘No Retreat’ bumper stickers and signs everywhere. The campaign itself was not so successful. Most of my community, including the former local government official who designed the campaign, sold their properties to the state and retreated inland.
For some the ‘No Retreat’ slogan effectively summarizes the political and financial effort to retain all of our taxable real estate assets. Shoreline properties tend to be taxes at the highest rates within a community. Losing them can be financially disastrous to a community. For others, the slogan simply reflects an affinity for the bayshore community or a natural desire to keep family home. At the core of issue is the question: “Can humans survive the challenges of climate change at the bayshore?” For most, the answer has proven to be ‘no’. The financial demands and threats of government forced the decision for most of our neighbors. For me, the answer is ‘yes, but it requires major changes’. Only time will tell how the financial and government challenges will be met for the few businesses or residents that remain. A book coming out next year from Beacon Press covers this episode of local history.
The problem is that the scientists and accountants among us know that “No Retreat” is not a sustainable strategy per se. Virtually all of us who have been involved in sea level rise response planning recognize that we will lose some of our shoreline properties and communities. A reporter reported on the irony that under the force of a strong new moon tide, he saw the “No Retreat” signs floating down the flooded roadway. Delaware, Maryland, Virginia and other states are heavily involved in stakeholder discussions about how to handle this natural force. New Jersey lags far behind in this process. Some politicians still question the state’s official sea level rise projection that calls for some of our communities to be completely inundated within our lifetime.
The fact is that the overwhelming majority of community planners believe that strategic retreat is the best available strategy as a response to sea level rise. We will undoubtedly save some of our present waterfront and technology will allow some businesses – like aquaculture – to survive and even thrive in this new high water environment. But the older homes along the bayshore will eventually be swallowed up by the forces of erosion; the combined effect of more water and higher levels of destructive energy in the water.
The first wave of buyouts here at Money Island is complete. Next month the tear-downs will begin. A second wave of tear-downs will follow.
I predicted this series of events in a blog post and many public discussions. As an early forecaster of the trend, I was sometimes blamed for its impact. I still believe that this section of the bayshore needs to retreat to its commercial roots – fishing, shellfish, and aquaculture – but use new technologies to ensure sustainability for coming generations. The loss of our bayside vacation communities is a sad but inevitable development for many of us.
This post was originally published September 15, 2015.
In 2004 a small group of neighbors on Bayview Road in Money Island gathered together to promote a common cause under the name eventually adopted “Money Island Improvement Association”. The road had already crumbling under the force of rising sea levels and the only way that neighbors could reach their properties was to cut across my front yard. There were clear signs that our bridge would eventually collapse under the pressure of increased water flow underneath the road. Several neighbors had already lost their houses and land.
We lobbied government at every level. Over the past twelve years I’ve personally had hundreds of discussions to promote the project. I handed out flyers and hosted neighborhood meetings. Not everyone was comfortable with my activists efforts to bring attention to the project. I even received a telephone death threat from one official and was physically assaulted by a neighbor as a result of these efforts. Downe Township joined the effort.
Five years later in 2009 a grant was issued. At the grant ceremony covered by NJ.com in October 2009 Downe Township Mayor Renee Blizzard thanked Money Island residents for their persistence and specifically cited me for my patience and support of the project. Downe Township’s current Mayor Campbell took up the cause in recent years.
Now, this week, we finally broke ground with the project. I feel like this is a tangible example of grass roots efforts can really produce results despite the challenges posed by government and naysayers. Our effort is not over yet. The installation of the bulkhead will increase pressure on the bridge and neighboring properties. It will be necessary to eventually replace or fortify these as well. We recognize that it could be an another twelve year effort. But right now it makes sens to take a breather and recognize how far we’ve come.
The bulkhead project was finished in 2016 and is expected to last at least 30 years.
Updated to reflect that Jeff VanDrew is our area’s US Congressman and Bob Andrzejczak is now our state Senator.
This is a list of government contacts that we have engaged or hope to engage with Baysave’s work. We maintain a schedule of regular outgoing communications with all these elected officials. Only some have responded.
Governor Phil Murphy
Web form: https://www.nj.gov/governor/contact/all/
Phone: (609) 292-6000
Mail: Office of the Governor
PO Box 001
Trenton, NJ 08625
Lieutenant Governor Sheila Oliver
Same other contact information as the Governor
NJ Attorney General Gurbir Grewal
Mail: Office of The Attorney General
RJ Hughes Justice Complex
25 Market Street, Box 080
Trenton, NJ 08625-0080
State Senator Bob Andrzejczak
Phone: (609) 465-0700
Mail: School House Office Park
211 S. Main St. Suite 104.
Cape May Court House, NJ 08210
NJ Assemblyman Matt Milman
Same mail address and phone as State Senator Bob Andrzejczak
NJ Assemblyman Bruce Land
Same mail address and phone as State Senator Bob Andrzejczak
NJDEP Commissioner Catherine McCabe
Mail: 401 E. State St.
7th Floor, East Wing
P.O. Box 402
Trenton, NJ 08625-0402
Phone: (609) 292-2885
Fax: (609) 292-7695
New Jersey Senate Majority Leader Steve Sweeney
US Senator Cory Booker
Mail: One Gateway Center
Newark, NJ 07102
Phone: (202) 224-3224 or 973-639-8700
Email of helpful Aid: Zach_McCue@booker.senate.gov
U.S. Senator Bob Menendez
Mail: One Gateway Center, Suite 1100
Newark, New Jersey 07102
Tim Hillman Aid Direct: 973-645-6640
U.S. Congressional Representative Jeff Van Drew
Mail: 5914 Main Street Suite 103
Mays Landing, NJ 08330-1746
Phone: (202) 225-6572 or 609- 625-5008
Jim Quinn interviewed Baysave’s Tony Novak: https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=195620007827383&id=158139584908759&refsrc=https%3A%2F%2Fm.facebook.com%2FAroundSouthJersey%2Fvideos%2F195620007827383%2F&_rdr
Responding to climate change deniers can be tedious. It’s tough to know how to deal with people who form an opinion based on news sites and social media and value their own conclusions over those of the overwhelming majority of actual subject matter experts. Despite overwhelming amount of confirming evidence in the science community, we’ve seen a corresponding increase in skepticism over the validity of this independent peer reviewed body of work confirming the basic climate change findings. This excerpt from a letter from Governor Jerry Brown to Dr. Ben Carson on September 10, 2015 is one way to respond:
“Please find enclosed a flash drive with the complete United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) ‘Synthesis Report,’ the concluding installment of the Fifth Assessment Report, published earlier this year. This report assessed over 30,000 scientific papers and was written by more than 800 authors representing 80 countries around the world who definitively concluded that “human influence on the climate system is clear and growing with impacts observed across all continents and oceans.”
This is just one of the thousands of reports authored by the world’s top scientists on the subject, including a study published last month by Columbia University, University of Idaho and NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies scientists that found climate change has intensified California’s drought, These aren’t just words. The consequences are real.
Please use your considerable intelligence to review this material. Climate change is much bigger than partisan politics.”
It occurs to me that there are plenty of others in the category we label as “deniers” who would benefit from becoming familiar with this massive body of research.
The Delaware River Basin Commission collects water samples periodically and publishes data about bacteria levels in the Delaware Bay. Four of the collection points are south of our location at Money Island NJ and are therefore could be affected by discharge from the bayshore communities in this local region. The primary factor of concern, especially in summer, is the level of e. coli bacteria, also known as fecal coliform. The data published on the State of New Jersey’s web site indicated that levels of fecal coliform have been minimal or not detected at all collection points in the Delaware bay south of us at Money Island.
This data is especially important because an improperly designed water quality test conducted in the summer of 2014 was misconstrued to imply that broken septic systems were contributing to fecal coliform levels in the Nantuxent Cove and in the bay around Money Island. Some environmentalists in the American Littoral Society and the Cumberland County Department of Health apparently misinterpreted last year’s report to mean that higher levels of reported bacteria were coming from human source discharge. The test has since been discredited and its authors have disclaimed some of the methodology. All other tests prior to and after this have indicated a healthy level of fecal coliform in our waters. The last comprehensive report on our water quality was published in 2012. (Since the date of this original post, a 2016 report was published. This report , page 43, confirms positive findings for the Delaware Bay region’s fecal coliform tests).
In general, the mid and lower bay region has lower levels of bacteria than water bodies further north.
The test result data is summarized in this table. For complete information, see the test results for each individual month.
Fecal Coliform Summary Data
|Mahon River||Crossledge||Joe Flogger||Brown’s Shoal|
|June 2015||Not detected||Not detected||Not detected||1|
|July 2015||Not detected||Not detected||Not detected||Not detected|
|August 2015||Not detected||1||Not detected||Not detected|
|September 2015||7||Not detected||Not detected||Not detected|
A fecal coliform level of 200 is considered to be the maximum safe standard for this test.
BaySave is an unincorporated business as of 3/16/2018 as a registered charity in New Jersey, Registration Number CH3758200.
More information is available at http://www.njconsumeraffairs.gov/ocp/charities.htm
compiled by Tony Novak, originally published February 24, 2015
Much of the blue claw crab life cycle research commonly cited about blue claw crabs was conducted in the 1940s and 1950s in the Chesapeake Bay region. There is some published contradicting information. Few studies have followed the changes occurring, if any, on crab life cycle variance over time. This list is meant as a compilation of generally accepted published data.
Female crabs typically mate once in their lifetime.
Sexual maturity is reached 1 to 1 1/2 years after post-larval molts.
After mating, the crabs survive the winter by burrowing into the mud before spawning (laying eggs).
Burrowing occurs in deeper, warmer waters near the mouth of the bay.
Spawning occurs 2 months to 9 months after mating.
Each female produces millions of fertilized eggs.
Crabs spawn in higher salinity waters near the ocean.
Juvenile crabs migrate into shallower, less-saline waters farther up the bay.
Male crabs may remain in lower salinity water farther up the bay waters to feed.
Male crab movements are not directional but may depend more on currents and tidal flow.
Most larval, infantile and juvenile crabs are consumed as food by other species.
Crab larvae feed mostly on plankton.
Juvenile crabs feed on invertebrates in the benthos zone (worms, shrimp living in the mud) as well as some plant material.
Adult crabs prefer to eat clams and oysters and have the ability to find buried clams and open their shells. Cannibalized molting crabs are a significant portion of their diet.
Crabs molt up to 20 times in their life span.
Molting is energy dependent and does not occur in winter.
Refrigerating a molting crab stops its shell from hardening (for human consumption of soft shell crabs).
Molting happens more frequently in small crabs and less frequently in larger crabs.
The maximum age for most blue crabs in the mid-Atlantic region is three years.
Adults crabs live an average of less than one year after reaching maturity.
Maximum size is about 9 inches from point to point.
In the fall when temperatures drop below 50°F adult crabs leave shallow, inshore waters and seek deeper areas where they borrow into the bottom and throughout the winter.
Temperature above 93 degrees is lethal.
Tolerance range is pH 6-8 and less than 6 is lethal.
Salinity requirement varies with life cycle.
The State of New Jersey issues this safety advisory for crabs caught in the Newark Bay.
New Jersey’s Professor Paul Jivoff in the biology department at Rider University is a leading authority on blue claw crabs.
On 10/19/2018 the legacy Baysave.org web site was republished on this updated content management platform. Eventually all of the published information from the middle 1990’s forward about Baysave and its predecessor projects will be published here. Please allow us a few days to get caught up with moving content to this new platform.